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CBD versus THC : Both Similar and Different

March 19th, 2022 by Lashonda Broom

Cannabis Nurse Medical Reviewer, Lashonda Broom
RN & HHP

CBD versus THC: When we started in this business in 2016, we heard it all the time – aren’t these the same things? The quick answer is no, they are not the same. That answer is true for a whole host of comparisons: hemp & marijuana, indica & sativa, and certainly CBD and THC.

Hemp and marijuana legality have been a swiftly changing landscape.  At the time of this article, hemp is fully federally legal and marijuana is at least medically legal in 48 states.  As this landscape shifts, people want to learn more about these plants.  How are they alike? How are they different? What can they do for me?  Let’s dive in to learn more about these elusive compounds – THC oil versus CBD oil.

CBD vs THC: How They’re Both Similar and Different

CBD and THD are actually the same molecular structure.  They’re both made up of 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and 2 oxygen atoms. The only difference is how these atoms are arranged.  Interesting that such a thing as atom placement can have a profound impact on how these compounds work in our systems, but it does. But, I’m getting ahead of myself. Let’s step back.

Cannabis is a genus of plant that originated in Asia between 2000 BC and 1400 BC.  Within the genus are three known species:

  • Cannabis Sativa
  • Cannabis Indica
  • Cannabis Ruderalis

Cannabis Sativa can be either a hemp or marijuana plant.  The legal difference between the two centers on the amount of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) in that plant, but the physical differences are much more than that. Hemp is grown with the intent to use the whole plant.  It can grow as tall as 20 feet high. Hemp is stronger and longer lasting than cotton.  The plant seeds are rich in protein, fiber, and fatty acids.  They’re considered by many to be a super food.  Marijuana is grown strictly for the buds of the plants.  It’s the buds and flowers of these plants that contain 100+ cannabinoids, or compounds.

Of these compounds, CBD (cannabidiol) and THC are the two that we know the most about because they occur in the highest quantity.  The other compounds such as CBDa, CBG, and more, are referred to as minor cannabinoids. We’re learning more about these compounds every day, but until this point, most of the cannabis research has been pointed at CBD vs THC.

Both CBD and THC work with receptors in your Endocannabinoid System (ECS.) This system exists and is active in your body even if you don’t use cannabis. It’s goal is to promote homeostasis (balance) at every level of biological life.  Most of the receptors that THC interacts with are in the brain, which is why it can be intoxicating or “euphoric.”  THC is the compound associated with marijuana that makes you feel “high.” While THC can be present in both hemp and marijuana, the legal limit on THC in hemp plants is 0.3% on a dry weight basis.  By contrast, the average amount of THC in a marijuana product available in a US dispensary today is 12%.  CBD is the primary cannabinoid in hemp products. It’s non-intoxicating.  CBD interacts with receptors in different areas of the body, and won’t cause that “high” that some people are looking for and others are looking to avoid.

CBD versus THC: Benefits

Just as that atom placement varies, benefits of THC versus CBD will vary as well.  CBD and THC can work both in partnership and separately to assist with some of the same conditions, but there are areas where they will stand alone.  It’s important to note that we are not doctors and cannot diagnose, prescribe, treat or cure any ailment.  What we can do is share research and anecdotal information learned through years of working in this industry.

  • Sleep – THC has been found to assist with falling asleep.  While CBD can help you stay asleep, it doesn’t generally make you sleepy unless you’ve taken more than your body can process or it’s married with other sleep inducing ingredients like melatonin.  We’ve got a great article on sleep if you’re interested in learning more.
  • Seizures – The FDA has approved just one cannabis product to treat seizures. Epidiolex, approved in 2018, is an isolated CBD product – it does not contain THC.
  • AppetiteTHC has the ability to increase appetite.  While that’s not ideal for all of us, it can be critical for people living with some medical conditions that have led to unwanted weight loss.

CBD and THC: Side Effects

While it’s often stated that CBD does not have any side effects, that’s not entirely accurate.  Any plant based product can lead to allergies.  The most common side effects include:

  • Nausea
  • Sleepiness
  • Itchiness or irritation
  • Low Blood Pressure

Side effects of THC vs CBD can be a little more concerning:

  • Dizziness
  • Vomiting
  • Inability to Concentrate
  • Sleepiness
  • Loss of Balance

Not to mention that “high.”  Some people, especially those living with chronic pain, find it a relief to be able to get that off their minds for a brief time. Others may feel a lack of control from that intoxication or an inability to function normally, which is not a welcome feeling.

CBD and THC… The Legal Stuff

The legality of THC versus CBD can be a complicated thing.  The US Farm Bill of 2018 made hemp, and thereby hemp that contained CBD, fully federally legal.  The FDA is choosing to not yet regulate CBD, which means that manufacturers are essentially self-regulating.  There is no standardization in labeling, language, or recommended serving sizes.   That can definitely lead to consumer confusion.  In addition, every state has their own Controlled Substances Act (CSA) that can lead to straying from federal guidance.  THC in hemp gets even murkier. Some states are looking to further restrict the amount of THC that can be sold in a hemp product. One example of this is Oregon, who has limited the milligrams of THC in a hemp product in addition to the federal percentage limitation.

CBD and THC in Hemp and Marijuana are (a bit) clearer. CBD content in marijuana is legally required to be included along with the THC on the packaging. CBD can balance out the intoxicating effect of THC, so many customers want to see that information to make their buying decisions.  Marijuana remains federally illegal. It is, however, at least legal in some fashion for medical patients in 48 states.  Cannabis may need to be prescribed by a physician, or it may be available at a dispensary with a medical “card.” Marijuana, with those higher levels of THC, is recreationally legal in 18 states, the District of Columbia, The Northern Mariana Islands, and Guam as of the time of this article. It’s also been decriminalized in 13 other states as well as the U.S. Virgin Islands. As the laws vary from state to state, THC outside that .3% limit cannot be shipped across state lines, nor can you travel with it.  You can find additional state by state legality information here.

Where to Buy CBD and THC Products

CBD products that do not exceed the THC threshold can be found all over the place.  Really. They sell CBD lotion at my hair salon.  You will find a wide variety of strengths, product types, and costs.  THC products will generally be purchased from a dispensary.  They should be clearly labeled with THC content and an indication that it is an adult use product.  Some brands sell both CBD and THC products, which can make your shopping a little more confusing.  Here’s an example from our friends at Wyld. The top gummies are their hemp based CBD gummies and the bottom are their THC gummies.  The branding and flavor is the same, so they could absolutely get mixed up.

WYLD CBD Gummies

If you’re looking to get started with CBD, that’s our focus here at Green Wellness and we would love to help you.  Give us a call at 888-772-7875 or drop an email to support@greenwellnesslife.com.  Prefer to do your own research first? No problem. We always recommend starting with our Buyer’s Guide.


CBD 101 A Beginner’s Guide To CBD

March 12th, 2022 by Lashonda Broom

 

CBD 101 Blog

Cannabis Nurse Medical Reviewer, Lashonda Broom
RN & HHP

 

Cannabinoids, or compounds found in hemp and marijuana plants, are definitely a popular topic these days.  So what’s all the fuss about? What are these compounds and how do they work? How do I take them and how much do I take? And most importantly, what will it help me with? 

Whew, that’s a lot of questions. Let’s start with our bodies and the system that these compounds interact with. It is often assumed that the benefits derived from CBD and other cannabinoids are a result of introducing some substance not already found in the body to your system. This couldn’t be farther from the truth. Let’s talk it through. 

What is CBD?

Before diving into how cannabinoids interact with the body, it’s first important to have an understanding of what CBD is. CBD is a natural essential oil that is rich in nutrients and one of over 100 different cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. Scientists are still researching cannabinoids and there may be more we haven’t yet identified. 

CBD can be found in all of the different types of cannabis plants, but it is more prominent in hemp plants where it makes up about 40% of the cannabinoids extracted from the plant. CBD is not psychoactive like THC, so it will not produce any kind of high. 

What is the ECS…Endocannabinoid System?

The Endocannabinoid System or “ECS,” is a system that provides the body with many similar cannabinoids to those of hemp oil. Cannabinoids are complex chemical compounds that act on receptors in cells. The hemp plant produces over 100 different cannabinoids (or phytocannabinoids); the human body (as well as other mammals) also naturally produces cannabinoids (or endocannabinoids). This means that your body already uses cannabinoids for many of its functions, such as regulating mood, appetite, pain-sensation, and memory. These cannabinoids promote homeostasis (balance) at every level of biological life. 

What do Cannabinoids do?

The function of cannabinoids in your body (regardless of whether they are naturally produced by your body or from a plant) is to act as receptors for cells. What these receptors do is act as conduits for messages from the brain to the cells. They are the “bridge” that enables your body to operate as it should. Because of this, they are essential for a healthy body, which includes memory, appetite, and mood.

While your body uses the endocannabinoids produced internally, it also reacts to phytocannabinoids from sources like cannabis and hemp. This is where CBD and other plant-based cannabinoid oils come in.

Endocannabinoid Receptors CB1 and CB2

The ECS is composed of two primary endocannabinoid receptors: CB1 (found predominantly in the brain, nervous system, and outlying organs and tissues) and CB2 (found predominantly in white blood cells, tonsils and spleen). Although CBD has low affinity for either of these receptors, it does interact with other nominal receptors with remarkable effects. For example, CBD activates the receptor GPR55, which has been shown to assist in treating pain and inflammation. CBD has also been shown as a partial agonist (which is a term referring to something that attaches to a cell receptor and causes an action to occur in that cell) to the 5-HT1A receptor, which may lead to cannabidiol’s anti-depressant, anti-anxiety, and neuro-protective effects.

Why take daily CBD?

Because the ECS is involved in the body’s communication with its cells and their functions (including repairs), cannabinoids are crucial for the body’s constant repair of cells and their functions – maintaining that balance. When more cannabinoids are introduced to this delicate system, they can stimulate the cells into functioning as the brain directs them to, and can facilitate healing where the body’s own ECS has failed. In this, it is clear that when the ECS is failing to do its job, phytocannabinoids from CBD oils can “pick up the slack” and act as receptors for cells that were malfunctioning due to a lack of endocannabinoids. This makes CBD crucial for maintaining (or, in many cases, restoring) a healthy balance of receptors in the body.

Isolate, Full Spectrum or Raw?

Finding the right CBD for your needs and body can be confusing. We answer customer questions all day long and we have found that there is no one size fits all. Each individual is different. So let’s take a look at the different forms of CBD: What is the difference between them? Who would use which version, and why?

Is CBD all that I want from the plant?

First of all, it’s important to understand that cannabidiol (CBD) is only one of the major compounds that are present in the cannabis plant – both hemp and marijuana. It happens to be one of the most studied compounds by scientists because of its powerful potential and the fact that it occurs in greater quantities in the plant than some of the other more than 80+ compounds. As evidence of its interest to scientists and researchers, CBD has been used in multiple pharmaceutical solutions. One of the most recent to be approved by the FDA is Epidiolex, a CBD-based drug used to treat childhood epilepsy.

Full Spectrum CBD Oil: A Rainbow of Compounds

Despite its fame, CBD is not the only major compound found in cannabis sativa. There are a range of other compounds that make up the plant. When we are talking about all of those compounds together, we use the term “full spectrum.” This is just another way to say “whole plant”. A full spectrum CBD oil means that manufacturers use the whole plant and all the cannabinoids that are naturally occurring as active ingredients in your product. 

Full-spectrum is unique in that it can introduce the user to the possible positive effects of the other components of cannabis working together, often referred to as the “entourage effect”. Though there are many different cannabinoids in the plant, here are a few of the better-known ones included in full spectrum products.

  • THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) – Full-spectrum CBD from the hemp plant does include trace amounts of THC, which is well-known as the psychoactive element of cannabis – or the part that makes you high. That THC level can’t be more a .3% concentration when coming from a hemp plant, so it has no psychoactive effect. There is technology that is isolating the THC out of some full spectrum products making it what is now being referred to as a “broad spectrum.” This means that it started as a full spectrum (whole plant) product, but the THC was isolated and removed. These products will usually specify 0 THC.
  •  CBN (Cannabinol) – This component of cannabis does not occur in as great a quantity, so we don’t know quite enough about it yet. What science is finding is exciting, though. Some early studies are showing that there may be real benefits for people struggling with sleep issues.
  • CBG (Cannabigerol) – Interestingly, CBG has been shown to stimulate growth of new brain cells and bone growth. These unusual properties make it a fascinating compound for researchers to study.
  • THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin) – THCV has a similar molecular structure to THC and is also psychoactive. Research is finding that it’s very similar to CBD as well, in working to balance and neutralize cells.

All of these compounds, and many more, interact in a full-spectrum product. Who would this form of CBD work for? A full-spectrum CBD oil would work great for someone who wants to work with all the elements of the cannabis plant for a holistic approach. It would be very useful for those who are interested in other compounds, like CBG and THCV, and their effects. We have often seen excellent results for people living with inflammatory pain. 

It’s important to keep in mind that unless clearly stated to be a 0% THC product, full spectrum products will likely contain a trace amount of THC. That legal limit, if coming from hemp, is 0.3%.  While it’s not likely that quantity would cause you to fail a THC drug test, it is possible. 

CBD Isolate

In a product made with a CBD Isolate, only one cannabis compound is present – CBD. It’s been individually extracted from the plant without any of the other cannabinoids, terpenes, or plant matter. Some might say that the isolate is missing some of the other compounds that make full-spectrum oil special. While this is true to an extent, there are plenty of reasons why someone might want just the CBD oil.

For one, maybe they’re only interested in specific CBD oil impact. If a customer has discovered that CBD works best alone to treat their particular disorder or ease their symptoms, then they would definitely want to stick with what works. Other people might feel uncomfortable with even trace amounts of THC. In this case, an isolate CBD is a perfect solution. 

Others may actually be allergic or have had bad reactions to other cannabinoids or plant matter. In this case, a CBD isolate would be the best choice.  Additionally, we have seen excellent results with isolate CBD for people looking for help with mood stabilization.  The other cannabinoids and plant matter aren’t usually as necessary to see a benefit there. 

Raw CBDA-CBD

Cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) is a chemical compound found in the resin glands (trichomes) of raw cannabis plants.” In this case, raw means unheated and uncured. Many of the conditions that respond with CBD also respond well to CBDA. There is a growing body of information that is talking about the benefits of raw or CBDA having a greater effect on people living with chronic pain. There is also a patent pending by GW Pharmaceuticals using CBDA in conjunction with CBD for anxiety and psychotic disorders.

Product Options

Now that you understand the way that the ECS works and the different processing types of products that come from cannabis plants, let’s talk about products. In short, CBD and it’s fellow compounds can come in pretty much any package type that you’re interested in – from chocolate to bath bombs to hemp flower. 

Pricing will vary but will be based on total milligrams of active ingredients per container.  When you see a 300mg lotion, that means that there are 300mg of cannabinoids in that whole bottle – not in each amount that you put on your skin.  You’ll see the same thing on a tincture, bottle of gummies, etc.  Those package sizes can vary as well.  Some are much more concentrated than others, so you may have the same amount of cannabinoids (your active ingredient) and a similar price point in a tiny 10ml bottle and a large 2oz bottle.  When you’re product shopping, you will want to look at that total strength per package as well as how much you’re going to take every day. 

We break it down into three main product categories – let’s talk them through: 

1) Topicals

These cover anything that you’re applying to your skin.  

  • Benefits in 15-30 minutes.  
  • The downside is that it won’t last as long – usually 4-6 hours.  
  • Topicals are a great fit when you’re dealing with a skin issue or are looking for inflammation relief at that site.  
  • Topicals won’t generally get into your bloodstream (with the exception of some CBD patch molecules that are small enough to do so).  
  • Intended to provide relief to the muscle, joint, and skin tissue.  
  • You can definitely use a topical along with a booster and a daily supplement. 
  • Use them where it hurts – when it hurts. Consistency isn’t key here.  

2) Boosters

Boosters avoid the digestive system to get to work quickly. 

  • Benefits in 15-30 minutes.
  • Like a topical, they get to work and then dissipate within 4-6 hours.  
  • Absorbed through your cheek or taken in through your lungs.  
  • The intent is to provide a bit of extra CBD on a day when you need it.
  • Use them as needed – consistency isn’t critical.  
  • As they are quick to leave your system, we wouldn’t recommend a booster as your only source of CBD and other cannabinoids. 

3) Daily Supplements

If you’re only going to take one type of cannabinoid, we would ask that you make it a daily supplement.  You’ll ingest these – and they come in all kinds of forms: 

Raw Oil

This is the plant extract in its most natural form – it’s likely been filtered 1 or more times and will taste grassy and earthy. Your serving size will be measured in paste quantity. We use the term “grains of rice.” Raw Oils will always be Full Spectrum. 

  • Pros: No additives, Flexible Serving Size
  • Cons: Difficult to Measure/Take, Earthy Flavor

Tincture

This is a liquid that you place under your tongue. It starts with the raw oil, but has a carrier oil and possibly flavoring added to it. Serving size will be measured in drops or dropperfulls. Tinctures can be Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum or Isolated CBD. 

  • Pros: Flexible Serving Size, Added Flavoring, Quick Sublingual Absorption 
  • Cons: Can be Difficult to keep Serving Size Consistent

Capsules/Softgels

Capsules and Softgels are encapsulated tincture.  Serving size will be measured in capsules. 

  • Pros: Consistent Serving Size
  • Cons: Lack of Flexibility in Serving Size

Edibles (Gummies, Candies or Chocolate)

These options take a raw oil or an isolated CBD powder and add it into a gummy, candy or chocolate recipe. Raw Oils taste earthy, so full spectrum edibles are harder to come by than more filtered options. Serving size would be measured per piece. 

  • Pros: Easy to take
  • Cons: Lack of Flexibility in Serving Size, Priciest Option

How Much Do I Take?

Our goal is always to see the best possible results with a minimal amount of stuff in your system.  We talk in terms of serving size rather than “dose” because CBD is considered a food supplement – not a drug. In our experience, most people see benefit between 15-50mg daily.  We do have customers that do well with 5mg daily, and others who need 100mg, but 15-50mg taken consistently is the standard. 

We know that when you’re hurting, it’s always tempting to take a high serving to feel better.  We encourage you to step away from that and start small.  Some people do very well with a small amount of CBD to get their body back into neutral. We all want to be that person! Start there and work up if you need to. CBD supplements are intended to work over time – not instantly.  Don’t jump your serving up on a bad day – that’s what boosters are for.  If you’re not consistent in your serving size, you may not see the benefits that you are hoping for.

Getting Started

If you’re new to CBD, here’s how we recommend getting started: 

  • Day 1-5: Start with 10-15mg daily
    • Be consistent with the time of day that you take it. Raw CBD can be energizing, so we recommend morning. 
    • Any supplements that are sleep aids should be taken 30-60 minutes before bed. 
    • We always encourage you to take CBD on a full stomach.
  • Day 6-10: If you aren’t seeing the benefits you’re looking for, double your daily serving to 20-30 mg. 
    • Stay consistent
  • Day 11+: As long as you are seeing some benefit, stay the course. 
    • You can continue to increase your serving as needed, giving your body a couple days to adjust
    • You’ve got cannabinoids in your system, so your adjustment time will be quicker
    • If you’re not sure if you are seeing benefits, stop taking it for 3-5 days. That’s enough time for you to see if there was a difference for your system. 

We love starting with a tincture (liquid) because that serving size is so flexible, but if you’re more comfortable with a gummy or a softgel, go with that! The best CBD for you is the one that you will take every day. I’ll say it again: The best CBD for you is the one that you will take every day

No One Size Fits All

Whatever your choice when it comes to CBD, it’s important to make sure you’re aware of your options, in both product type and serving size. What your body needs may change. Every system is unique. We know it’s hard to hear, but there truly is no one size fits all. At the end of the day, the best CBD for you is the one that you are most comfortable with and see the greatest benefit from. 

Sources 

 


Kratom vs CBD: Comparison and What to Know

February 23rd, 2022 by Lashonda Broom

CBD Vs Kratom

Cannabis Nurse Medical Reviewer, Lashonda Broom
RN & HHP

The widespread and growing popularity of CBD has sparked interest in other natural herbal supplements to support a healthier lifestyle. Kratom in particular has piqued the interest of some for its similarities to cannabis. Yet, despite producing similar effects, the two plants are starkly different.  Let’s discuss Kratom vs CBD.

What is Kratom?

Kratom is a plant that has been used by indigenous populations in Southeast Asia for centuries. Kratom is in the same plant family as coffee. It is a member of the flowering plant species, Rubiaceae. However, Kratom does more than help you stay awake. Kratom is a versatile herb that is believed to provide many different benefits.

Kratom (Mitragyna Speciosa)

Kratom’s leaves are dried and crushed to form a powder which is then converted into paste, pills, and capsules, etc. for multiple purposes. The southeast Asian herb is known for its stimulant properties. It started as a recreational drug, but now it is used for many medicinal purposes. Unlike CBD, the plant is intoxicating.

Kratom FAQs

How does Kratom Work?

Kratom is composed of two compounds, mitragynine and 7-a-hydroxymitragynine. These compounds interact with opioid receptors to produce effects of sedation, pleasure, and even pain relief. When taken in small amounts, those that consume kratom report increased energy and alertness, rather than sedation.

Is Kratom an Opioid?

Though Kratom interacts with the opioid receptors in the body, it isn’t technically an opioid. Kratom interacts with opioid receptors differently when compared to opioids. Kratom does not overstimulate the receptors, which results in a less intense high with a similar opioid sensation.

Is Kratom Addictive?

Like other compounds that produce an opioid-like effect, kratom can be addictive and a dependency can be developed. Over time, withdrawal of regular kratom consumption can cause withdrawal symptoms. Those who have experienced withdrawal symptoms have reported:

  • Insomnia
  • Irritability
  • Muscle aches
  • Hostility
  • Aggression

The risks associated with kratom have been found to be more mild when compared to opioids, but there are still risks involved. There have been deaths attributed to the use of kratom. However, those who have died were consuming other substances as well, so it’s unclear if kratom was entirely to blame. Nevertheless, kratom is best approached with caution.

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol (also knows as the CBD) is a chemical compound derived from the cannabis sativa plant. It is a naturally occurring substance that is extracted and used in a wide array of products ranging from topical creams to edible gummies and tinctures. Unlike THC, which is another popular cannabis compound, CBD is not intoxicating and won’t produce a high. The effects of CBD will differ from person to person, but CBD is generally known for bringing the body back to a neutral state.

How Does CBD Work?

The human body has an endocannabinoid system (ECS) which is composed of numerous receptors. The endocannabinoid system is regarded as one of the most important physiological systems in the human body. The system is responsible for maintaining homeostasis for our digestive, immune, endocrine, nervous, and reproductive systems. The ECS is believed to play a role in things like appetite, sleep cycle and more. Being a part of the body’s reception, they exist majorly in the CNS (Central Nervous System).

While it was originally believed that CBD attached itself to the cannabinoid receptors in the body, it’s now believed that CBD indirectly influences the endocannabinoid system. CBD inhibits the breakdown of anandamide, which is known as the bliss molecule. The increased concentration of anandamide in the body can have a positive effect on the ECS. CBD also binds to the TRVP-1 receptors, which are responsible for regulating body temperature, inflammation, and pain.

While there are many touted uses for CBD, a study conducted by Brightfield found that CBD is primarily purchased to help with anxiety, sleep problems, and joint pain/inflammation. Researchers have also found that the endocannabinoid system exists in more than just humans. It’s believed there are benefits to CBD for pet healthcare as well.

CBD Oil vs Kratom

Similarities

  • CBD and Kratom are both compounds extracted from plants which are used for health benefits.
  • Both have been used to relieve symptoms related to anxiety and depression.
  • CBD and Kratom are edible herbs. They can be directly consumed or used in mixed forms. The most popular way to consume CBD oil is by tincture (serums and sprays). As for Kratom, the compound is often consumed via Kratom tea.

Differences

CBD Kratom
Not intoxicating Kratom contains a high amount of psychotropic ingredients which makes it quite addictive.
CBD interacts with the ECS of the body.  Kratom stimulates the opioid receptors of the body.
CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant which contains around 120 cannabinoids. Kratom contains alkaloids (25) 
Well recognized studies have found CBD to have stress relieving properties for anxiety Kratom’s stress-relieving properties are based on narratives that have not yet been verified by scientific research
CBD Does not disrupt sleeping schedule and appetite. Psychoactive substances in Kratom might cause interrupted sleep and reduced hunger.
You cannot overdose on CBD. Overdosing on Kratom is possible, especially when combined with other intoxicants. 

Legality

CBD is legal across the country. As of the time of this writing, Kratom remains unregulated and is illegal in 9 states.

Side Effects

Primary side effects of taking too much CBD are nausea and drowsiness. Large doses of kratom can cause many side effects, including aggression, hallucinations, and trouble breathing. Long-term use has been linked with dependence and withdrawal symptoms similar to other opioids.

Which One is Better?

In terms of risks, benefits, legalization and side effects, CBD wins over kratom by a long shot. CBD has been examined in many different medical studies for over a decade. Kratom is still widely unstudied by the scientific community. Moreover, hemp is regulated by the federal government, which helps to ensure that the CBD products you consume are safe for consumption, especially when you buy from a reputable company.

Kratom or CBD for Anxiety?

Preclinical evidence strongly supports CBD as a treatment for multiple anxiety disorders.  There are few other natural supplements that even come close to the reliability of CBD for anxiety. Kratom only offers mild anti-anxiety benefits and only in higher doses.  The lower dose range is more stimulating and can actually cause anxiety in some individuals.

A typical starting serving for CBD would be 10-25mg daily.  Consistency is key with any supplement and best results will be found when taking it 1-2x daily. In a 2018 study, it was reported that up to 5 grams of kratom powder taken up to 3x daily was adequate to experience effects.  In both cases, starting small and working up as needed would be the recommendation.

Kratom or CBD for Sleep?

There are many different causes for insomnia.  In higher servings, CBD can act as a sedative, helping to induce sleep.  In smaller servings, CBD can help achieve a more restful sleep by calming that central nervous system that encompasses the ECS.  While Kratom is a sedative, it’s also a stimulant.  Getting the serving wrong could actually amp up that insomnia. For sleep, in Kratom vs CBD, we would advise sticking to CBD.

Kratom or CBD for Pain?

CBD works through the endocannabinoid system to regulate the volume of pain signals heading to the brain.  CBD does not block pain completely, but can assist in reducing that severity.  Kratom works very differently.  It activates the opioid receptors located in the spinal cord and brain to block signals from ever making it to the brain.  In that way, it is likely more effective than CBD, but it’s important to consider side effects.

This bears the question of using the two together – can CBD and kratom be used together? What would that result be? A 2021 study by the University of Colorado Boulder has shown that the two can have a synergistic effect when taken together, but there is definitely much more research needed to determine the safety and long term impact.

Interested In Trying CBD?

If you’re interested in trying CBD, Green Wellness Life does offer a wide range of CBD products through our online store. We take great pride in only offering products backed by research. All of our products have been independently lab tested for safety.

We are not doctors at Green Wellness Life. We can’t treat, diagnose, or prescribe any ailments. We report on the latest bodies of scientific research in addition to providing feedback from our CBD customers. If you have questions related to Green Wellness Life, CBD, or CBD products, we’re more than happy to help. Feel free to submit a contact form or call us at (888) 772-7875.


Can CBD Help with Panic Attacks?

February 13th, 2022 by Lashonda Broom

CBD For Panic Attacks

Cannabis Nurse Medical Reviewer, Lashonda Broom
RN & HHP

Many of us have experienced a sense of panic at different points of our lives. Perhaps we didn’t study for a big test, we may have gotten called into the boss’ office after screwing up a project, or were experiencing a traumatizing situation, like a car accident. While panicking may be relatively common when you are in an upsetting or dangerous situation, panic attacks are something else entirely.

Panic attacks do not happen because a person is confronted with something dangerous or upsetting. They happen out of the blue, and could occur almost anywhere, like when driving a car or walking down the street. They are often accompanied by physical symptoms that can be so severe that many people believe that they are experiencing a medical emergency.

If you suffer from panic attacks, you know firsthand how hard it can be to manage this condition. You may also be curious about alternatives to traditional treatments for panic attacks, such as CBD. Below, we outline some of the research on the use of CBD for panic attacks and panic disorder to help you make a decision about whether or not CBD is right for you.

Understanding Panic Attacks

A panic attack is more than just feeling scared or having anxiety. When a person has a panic attack, they are experiencing a sudden episode of intense fear without any apparent cause. These episodes can trigger severe physical symptoms, which may lead a person to believe that they are having a heart attack or even dying. Although panic attacks are not life-threatening, they can significantly affect an individual’s quality of life.

Panic attacks usually begin without warning, and can happen at any time. A person who suffers from panic attacks may have them occasionally, or on a more frequent basis. If you have frequent panic attacks, it may lead to a diagnosis of panic disorder.

While symptoms of panic attacks can vary, they often include all or some the following:

  • Fear of loss of control or death
  • Feeling of unreality
  • Rapid, pounding heart rate
  • Sense of impending doom
  • Trembling or shaking
  • Shortness of breath or tightness in your throat
  • Sweating
  • Hot flashes
  • Chills
  • Nausea and/or abdominal cramping
  • Headache
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Chest pain
  • Numbness or tingling sensation

These physical symptoms are often so severe that people who suffer from panic attacks seek emergency medical care.

Panic attacks can be incredibly debilitating because many people who have one develop a fear of having another one. This may lead people who suffer from panic attacks to avoid situations or places that they believe may trigger another attack. For this reason, panic attacks are linked to a number of complications, including the development of phobias, avoiding social situations, depression, anxiety, substance abuse, and an increased risk of suicide or suicidal thoughts.

The cause of panic attacks is currently unknown. Scientists believe that genetics, high levels of stress, changes to the way that your brain functions, and/or having a temperament that is more sensitive to stress may play a role. Risk factors for panic attacks include:

  • A family history of panic attacks or panic disorder
  • Smoking or excessive caffeine intake
  • A traumatic event
  • Major life stress
  • Significant changes in your life
  • A history of childhood abuse (physical or sexual)

Panic attacks can be diagnosed after a complete physical exam and diagnostic tests rule out other causes for the physical symptoms of an attack. A psychological evaluation can also help in making a diagnosis.

In most cases, panic attacks are treated through a combination of therapy and medications. Doctors may prescribe an antidepressant medication and/or benzodiazepines (such as Xanax) to manage the symptoms of panic attacks and reduce the likelihood of another occurring.

Is CBD a Good Option for Panic Attacks?

The current standard for treating panic attacks involves the use of prescription medications (antidepressants and anti-anxiety medicines) that come with a range of side effects, and in the case of benzodiazepines, have a high potential for addiction. These treatments may not be effective in all cases; 45% percent of patients did not get relief from the use of antidepressants in controlled trials.

One potential alternative to traditional medications to treat panic attacks is using a cannabidiol (CBD) product. CBD is a naturally occurring compound found in cannabis plants. Unlike THC — the psychoactive component found in marijuana — CBD does not cause a “high.”

In recent years, scientists have studied the potential health benefits of CBD, including using CBD oil to manage stress, anxiety, and other mental health issues. Recent research suggests that CBD may be helpful in managing the symptoms of panic attacks.

In 2017, Current Neuropharmacology pushed a study on the use of CBD as a treatment for panic disorder. This report indicated that CBD may act on certain areas of the brain that are related to panic disorder, such as the amygdala. A single dose of CBD, administered orally, reduced the activity in the areas of the brain that typically “light up” during a panic attack. It may also increase the levels of certain chemicals in the brain, such as serotonin, that help to regulate mood.

The study found that CBD does not produce psychoactive effects, induce dependence or tolerance. It concluded that CBD is a promising option for the management of panic disorder, while noting that more research is needed to determine how CBD works on patients who experience panic attacks, as well as the safe and therapeutic doses of CBD oil.

A 2015 analysis reached a similar conclusion, finding that CBD has strong potential as a treatment for a range of disorders related to anxiety, including panic disorder. It noted that in 2010, researchers found that when used on rats, CBD inhibited certain responses the brain that scientists believe may be responsible for panic attacks. Numerous studies have found that CBD can reduce symptoms of stress and anxiety, which may be a contributing factor in panic attacks.

While these findings are positive, more research must be done to determine exactly how CBD may help manage panic disorder and panic attacks. Because CBD may help to regulate the areas of the brain that are associated with the panic response, it may be useful in helping individuals avoid panic attacks or manage the symptoms of a panic attack.

Considering CBD? Green Wellness Life Is Here To Assist You

Green Wellness Life is committed to offering safe CBD products that have been independently tested for quality. We only sell the highest-quality CBD products, made from industrial hemp that is grown in the United States. While we are not medical professionals and cannot diagnose or treat any medical or mental health issues, we can lay out the scientific research on the use of CBD for you to review.

If you are interested in trying CBD, we are here to assist. Our product finder can help you choose the right products for your needs. If you want further assistance, you can also call us at 888-772-7875 or email us at any time.

If you have ever had thoughts of suicide, there is help available.  Please reach out to the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-8255. You can also find them at https://suicidepreventionlifeline.org/

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