CBD Basics

Hemp and its Antibacterial Properties

May 13th, 2020 by Hannah Laing

Antibacterial PropertiesQuinton

By Quinton Charles, Op-ed blogger

Bacteria and Hemp?

There are a myriad of benefits that are being discussed when talking about the use of hemp and CBD. I am sure you have heard people giving testimonials about CBD assisting with their pain management or anxiety-reduction, but did you know that hemp also has some antibacterial properties? That’s right! In multiple studies, hemp was found to reduce the overall count of Staphylococcus aureus (Staph infection) bacterial cells. CBD is also being studied for its potential to assist in boosting one’s immune system and regulating T cells and white blood cells. Let’s dive in and learn more about this!


Cannabis has been known  throughout time to have antibacterial properties and was studied in the 1950’s as a treatment for tuberculosis and other diseases. But research into using cannabis as an antibiotic has been limited by poor knowledge of the plant’s active ingredients and by the controversy surrounding its THC-laden cousin’s use as a recreational drug.

When researchers applied extracts from five major cannabinoids to bacterial cultures of six strains of MRSA, they discovered that the cannabinoids were as effective at killing the bugs as vancomycin and other antibiotics.

“The cannabinoids even showed exceptional activity against the MRSA strain that makes extra amounts of the proteins that give the bugs resistance against many antibiotics,” said one researcher. These proteins, he explains, allow the bacteria to “hoover up unwanted things from inside the cell and spit them out again[1].”

Conveniently, of the five cannabinoids tested by the researchers, the two most effective ones also happen to be non-psychoactive, meaning that they cannot cause a high.

While the researchers were unsure exactly how the hemp targeted the bacteria, they were shocked at the antimicrobial effects that the plant had. Currently, they believe that hemp evolved powerful, antimicrobial defenses to fend off bacterial infections in the plant and that these defenses could be used to help humans.

Fabrics, too?

It isn’t just Staph that saw significant decreases when hemp was applied; other bacteria on hemp fabric seemed to disappear, too! Bacteria, such as pneumonia, saw significant decreases in microbe count after a short period of time. Can it get any better? It can. The specific fabric used for these tests was not 100% hemp; rather, it was 60% hemp, 40% rayon. This means that hemp clothing (and these great benefits) could be accessible to a wider pool of customers when using mixtures and blends of fabric.

This is exciting when looking to the future and the possibility of finding other uses for hemp like hospital sheets, masks, and other medical textiles are some potential uses for this game-changing material[2].

What about the inside?

While there is growing documentation of hemp combating bacteria as a fabric, what about other uses for hemp and CBD? This is where CBD assisting in the regulation of cells and aiding in the balancing of the body can come into play.

Conceptual cells

Conceptual cells

The body’s Endocannabinoid system may play a pivotal role in our body by helping with regulating immunity and maintaining cell health. In animal studies investigating autoimmune health, CBD oil from hemp has been shown to balance the immune system by reducing the activity of T cells, B cells, and both T helper and T cytotoxic lymphocyte subsets. However, outside of an autoimmune arena, CBD may also support the activity of natural killer (NK) cells, a type of white blood cell[3].

So what does all of that jargon mean? T cells and B cells are cells that respond to viruses, and NK cells are responsible for killing off viral cells. CBD may aid the body’s ability to combat illness by assisting in the regulation of the T and B cells, while it may also assist the bodies ability to increases the count of cells responsible for killing viral cells.

Antibiotic Hemp

While antibiotics are invaluable in fighting disease in the modern world, many antibiotics have seen reduced efficacy, resulting from antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria. What does this have to do with hemp?

As bacteria strains become more resistant to antibiotics, doctors and researchers are looking into what are called helper compounds (also known as antibiotic potentiators or resistant breakers). These “helper compounds” are non-antibiotic compounds that act as adjuvants for antibiotics, operating synergistically through mechanisms including efflux pump inhibition, enzyme inhibition, or changing membrane permeability, which can contribute to improving antibiotic efficacy[4]. Okay, that’s a lot to take in. What this means is that the compounds can work alongside and enable antibiotics to kill bacteria by stopping the growth of new bacteria cells. They do this by assisting antibiotics to enter dangerous bacterial cells, and by making it easier for antibiotics to do what they were intended to do.

Hemp is currently being researched in the capacity of a helper compound, owing to its known antibacterial properties and its role in regulating healthy cells. If the research proves productive, and hemp is found to have the desired effects as a helper compound, then it is likely that hemp will enable doctors and health organizations to continue using antibiotics against strains of bacteria that have become resistant to most antibiotics.

Stay safe!

While hemp has remarkable properties, and will certainly be used for all sorts of health applications worldwide in the future, the best thing that one can do for one’s health is to act deliberately and make safe decisions. Hemp, though wonderful, is not a panacea, and shouldn’t be thought of as the end-all-be-all. Like anything else, hemp has to be understood in a holistic context. Only when it is used in tandem with a healthy diet and healthy choices can its benefits be fully appreciated.

As always, stay safe, research everything that you use, and feel free to call us, email us, or message us with any questions (or if you just want to chat!).


[1] https://www.technologyreview.com/2008/09/12/218798/a-new-mrsa-defense/

[2] https://www.labroots.com/trending/technology/11763/hemp-fabric-kills-staph-bacteria

[3] https://www.chiroeco.com/cbd-immune-system/

[4] https://www.genengnews.com/news/cannabis-compound-cbd-acts-as-helper-to-boost-antibiotic-effectiveness-study-shows/

Why Can’t You Buy CBD Oil on Amazon?

March 18th, 2020 by David Kranker

Why Can't You Buy CBD on Amazon?

David Kranker HeadshotBy Op-Ed Blogger David Kranker

If you’re like most Americans, when you need something, you hop onto Amazon. The retail giant accounts for 37.7% of all online sales in the United States, and has rapidly expanded its business, offering delivery of certain products within 2 hours in some areas. Yet there are products that Amazon doesn’t offer — such as CBD oil.

It may seem outrageous that something that is sold in stores across the United States can’t be purchased on Amazon. Yet the reason why is relatively simple: Amazon forbids the sale of supplements that contain controlled substances. Although CBD oil contains only trace amounts of the psychoactive component of marijuana, THC, Amazon relies on a federal law that considers marijuana to be a controlled substance.

Fortunately, there are ways to obtain high quality CBD oil and related products beyond Amazon. This article explores the reasons behind Amazon’s ban on CBD products — and explains why you shouldn’t search for CBD products by a different name on Amazon.

How Amazon’s Rules Limit the Sale of Certain Products

Amazon has a lengthy list of “restricted” products that either cannot be sold on its site, or can only be sold in limited circumstances. This list incorporates many items that cannot be sold on Amazon for obvious reasons, such as alcohol, tobacco, and live animals. It also strictly limits how dietary supplements — such as CBD oil — can be sold.

There are a number of rules that must be followed in order for a seller to list dietary supplements for sale on Amazon. For example, supplements must be sealed in their original packaging, and cannot have the logo of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or otherwise claim that the product is FDA approved. There are also restrictions on the ingredients contained in the supplement.

Under Amazon’s policy on supplements, these products “must not contain controlled substances, such as Cannabidiol (CBD), a Schedule I Controlled Substance.” This policy is based on the designation of marijuana as a Schedule I controlled substance under federal law. According to Amazon, “Controlled substances are drugs that are illegal, such as cocaine or heroin. Products used with controlled substances may be considered drug paraphernalia.” CBD is specifically listed by Amazon as a “known prohibited product.” Read the rest of this entry »

How Long Do The Effects Of CBD Last?

February 12th, 2020 by David Kranker

how long do the effects of cbd last

CBD oil or cannabidiol oil offers something very sought-after: relief. Whether that relief is relief from pain, stress, anxiety, or a number of different other conditions, CBD product users have claimed that CBD offers health benefits and therapeutic relief in many different forms. Like any product with such benefits, the most common question asked is: “How long will the effects last?”

There really is no single answer for this question, as the duration of the effects CBD provides depends on a number of different factors. Below you’ll find the various factors that affect duration along with general timelines depending on certain variables.

What Do the Effects of CBD Feel Like?

In order to understand if you’re feeling the effects of CBD, it’s important to first know what the effects of CBD are supposed to feel like. Ultimately, the effects of CBD will differ from user to user, but CBD generally produces a calm and relaxed feeling. Many benefits can be realized with consistent use of CBD.

Hemp based CBD products don’t typically contain much THC (.3% or less), so the effects are more subtle without the distinct high that THC produces. Effects can also be easier to feel and recognize depending on the use. Endocannabinoid pathways can take days and even weeks to establish but once established the effects of CBD can often be felt quickly. For instance those utilizing CBD for inflammatory pain have reported feeling the effects of CBD in as little as 30 mins from intake. When CBD is used for things like anxiety or stress, it can be harder to recognize the effects. Still, many can attest to a feeling of calming after taking a CBD product.

The Influence of Delivery Method on the Duration of Effects

There are a number of factors that influence the duration of effects realized with CBD intake, but the largest factor is the method of delivery. Each method of delivery has its own timing for both onset and length of duration for effects. The methods below are organized in order of longest duration to shortest duration.

CBD Oil Transdermal Patches

CBD Patch Effect Length

Patches are the longest lasting method of delivery. Transdermal patches can last anywhere from 24 to 96 hours. Certain patches can also be designed to release CBD at certain time intervals over the lifespan of the patch to prolong the effects. Patches like the Pure Ratios CBD patch have a time release built in to last four days. On the flip side, the onset time for patches can also be slower than other delivery methods. In certain cases, the effects of CBD may not be felt until hours after patch application. The absorption rate can be impacted by the amount of hair on the skin or the amount of fatty tissue under the skin.

Interested in transdermal patches? Browse our selection of popular CBD patch products.

CBD Oil Capsules

CBD capsules effect length

The effects induced by CBD oil capsules typically last 12 to 24 hours. CBD oil capsules are run through the digestive system to the liver where the molecules are metabolized by various enzymes. Due to the length of the digestive process, it can take some time for the effects to become apparent. On average, it can take up to an hour for the effects of CBD capsules to kick in.

Interested in oil capsules? Browse our selection of popular CBD capsule products.

CBD Edibles

CBD edibles effect length

Edibles come in many different forms; from chocolates to gummies and hard candy. Like capsules, edibles are also passed through the digestive system to the liver. Edibles work similarly to capsules in that they can last 12 to 24 hours and can take up to an hour after consumption for the effects to be realized.

Interested in edibles? Browse our selection of popular CBD edible products.

CBD Oil Tinctures or Drops

CBD tinctures effect length

Tinctures use a mixture of alcohol and water to extract compounds from a plant. CBD oil tinctures are usually packaged in glass bottles with a dropper to conveniently control serving size. The effects of tinctures can also typically last 12 to 24 hours.

Tinctures are applied under the tongue, and in doing so the application method bypasses the digestive system. Because the digestive system is bypassed, the effects produced by tinctures can hit faster. The onset time for tinctures is usually within 30 minutes.

Interested in tinctures? Browse our selection of popular CBD tincture products.

CBD Oil Topicals

CBD topicals effect length

CBD oil topicals are the second longest lasting method of delivery. The effects induced by topicals typically last five hours or more.  CBD topicals include creams, lotions, balms, and salves that are applied directly to the skin. Because topicals are applied to the skin, it can take time for the substances to be absorbed through the skin. The effects of CBD topicals can be felt within 15 to 20 minutes, but it can also take up to two hours to feel the effects.

Interested in topicals? Browse our selection of popular CBD topical products.

CBD Boosters

CBD boosters effect length

Boosters include edible items like mints, chewing gum, and tablets, as well as, vape juice, vape oils, and e-liquid. Boosters work the quickest, but also have the shortest duration time. The effects of CBD boosters typically last anywhere from two to four hours. The onset of effects for boosters is within minutes, because these products bypass the digestive system and are directly absorbed through your cheeks or lungs.

Interested in CBD boosters? Browse our selection of popular CBD boosters.

Other Factors That Affect How Long Effects Last

While delivery method plays the largest role in effect duration, it isn’t the only factor affecting duration. In fact, there are four additional factors that also play a considerable role in affecting the duration of CBD effects.

Serving Size

It likely goes without saying that the larger the serving size is, the longer CBD will remain in your system and the longer you will feel the effects of CBD. If you’re looking for a longer-lasting effect, it isn’t recommended that you start with a large serving size off the bat.

We recommend beginning with the lowest recommended serving size listed on the product that you’re using and then increasing from there if needed. Until you know how CBD will impact you, it’s always best to err on the side of caution and take things slow.

Frequency of Use

With many different substances, the body can build up a tolerance over time so that the effects of a substance are reduced. This typically isn’t the case with CBD. In fact, some have reported experiencing a reverse tolerance, where repeat use has required an increasingly smaller serving size to produce the desired effects over time.

Body Weight

CBD is fat-soluble and as such, is stored in the body’s fat cells. As with any fat-soluble substance, weight plays an important role in the rate of metabolization. Those who have less fat won’t store as much CBD and therefore will process the CBD much faster (leading to a reduction in the duration of the effects). On the other hand, those with a higher body fat percentage will likely experience a longer duration in the effects as it takes time for the body to process the CBD stored in the fat.


Lifestyle and body weight can often go hand-in-hand, as those with less fat are typically more active. A more active lifestyle can lead to a higher metabolism, which can again result in the CBD being processed faster. Those with more active lifestyles may experience a shorter duration in the length of the effects.

Will CBD Show Up on a Drug Test?

It’s possible you may have searched for how long the effects of CBD last due to a concern that CBD use would show up on a work drug test. It’s important to note that just because you don’t feel the effects of CBD doesn’t mean the substance has left your body entirely. Those currently seeking employment or those being onboarded for employment may have fear because CBD is derived from cannabis. While it is possible to fail a drug test with CBD use, it’s highly unlikely.

This is actually a topic we cover in greater depth in our blog on drug tests while using CBD. Any product that has more than the recommended allowance of 0.3% THC could potentially cause you to fail a drug test. However, most CBD products contain THC levels that are below the recommended allowance.

When CBD is taken in excess, it can return a false positive during an initial urine screening, because other non-THC metabolites can trigger the immunoassay response. Excess CBD intake can also cause a buildup of THC in the body to trigger a positive result for a drug test.

If you’re using CBD products frequently and you’re going to be subjected to a drug test at work, it’s in your best interest to ensure you’re taking high-quality, lab tested CBD products (like the products sold by Green Wellness Life. These products are more likely to contain low levels of THC and there will also be a lab proven reading on product contents for you to review.

The Green Wellness Life Team is Here to Help

Our primary goal at Green Wellness Life is to provide those searching for answers with the education they need to find the right CBD solution. If you’re unsure about what kind of CBD product is best for you or how you should be using a particular product to see the best results, our team is always available to answer questions and point you in the right direction.

We are not doctors. We can’t diagnose, treat, prescribe, or cure any ailments. That being said, we can still offer help based on our experiences and the feedback we’ve received from our customers. Contact Green Wellness Life today by calling (888) 772-7875 or filling out a contact form to have your questions answered promptly.





ABC’s of CBD

January 16th, 2020 by Cara Oorbeck

ABC's of CBD

Quinton By Op-Ed Blogger Quinton Charles

A = Ask Us!

We know that there is a ton of “hempful” (see what we did there?) information on the internet today about cannabis. One of the most common questions we get is, “what makes them different?” And, “I just don’t know what all these words mean.” Cannabis requires a whole new dictionary for sure. We’re here to help with the ABC’s of CBD!

B, C & D =CBD

We know it’s a “C”, but it’s where the conversation begins. We’ll do better with our alphabetization later. We promise. Cannabidiol (CBD) is the phytocannabinoid (phyto = plant, cannabinoid = compound) that naturally occurs within the cannabis plant and is mimicked by your own body. It is a chemical that facilitates the Endocannabinoid system (don’t worry, we will cover this term) in its job. While your body does produce some on its own, supplementing your body with CBD from other sources (like the hemp plant) better enables your Endocannabinoid system to do its job. CBD is also fully legal on a federal level in the United States, unlike its cousin, THC. Read the rest of this entry »

Are Hemp and Marijuana different?

October 22nd, 2019 by Cara Oorbeck

Hemp and Marijuana

QuintonPosted October 22, 2019

By Quinton Charles Op-Ed Blogger

They’re different?

A common misconception about hemp is that it is synonymous with marijuana. Let me state very clearly now that it is not. While both plants can contain both THC (the psychoactive component of cannabis) and CBD (the non-psychoactive component of cannabis), the two most common strains have opposite ratios.

What types of cannabis are there?

The two types of cannabis are actually separate species: Cannabis indica andCannabis sativa. Indica is typically associated with the fuzzy, sleepy “high” that you receive from marijuana. This species often has a higher THC to CBD ratio, making it more of a psychoactive form of Sativa vs Indicacannabis. Sativa, on the other hand, does not have the mellowing effect that people often receive from indica. Keep in mind that they are different species.

So what’s the difference between hemp and marijuana?

So far, I haven’t mentioned either of these words; I’ve only mentioned indica and sativa. So where is the difference between hemp and marijuana? These are both terms that can be used to stand in for how the cannabis is grown, or what it is intended for. “Marijuana” (specifically the THC used for medicinal and recreational purposes) is typically used to refer to Cannabis indica, and is often cultivated with a focus on the flowers of the female plant. “Hemp” is used to refer to Cannabis sativa, and is cultivated with a focus on the size of the plant for use industrially (as rope, textiles, oils, etc.). Keep in mind that many hybrids of these plants that have been created and grown as of recent.  That is why it is important to examine the exact THC level of a plant rather than strictly categorizing them as “sativa” or “indica”.

Can you get high from hemp?

One concern that people often voice to us is their desire to avoid any sort of high. They often equate cannabis with marijuana and, consequently, a psychoactive high (due in large part to media). As ministryofhemp.com succinctly put it:MedTerra Sleep Tablet Side

“Your lungs will fail before your brain attains any high from smoking industrial hemp.”

However, for any of you taking a full spectrum or raw product the .3% THC found in hemp can still show up on a drug test.  It is highly unlikely but it can happen.  If you are subject to drug testing for your employment or medical care, we recommend going with a broad spectrum or isolate.  Both have the THC removed from them.

For all the plant lovers out there: Can you tell the difference by sight?

Yes. It is possible to tell the difference between Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica just from the appearance of the plant (what biologists call “morphology”). Indica typically has leaves that are either broad-leafed, a tight bud, or look like a nugget with hairs.  Sativa, on the other hand, has skinnier leaves that are concentrated at the top. Few branches or leaves exist below the top part of the plant. When you observe the plants from afar, indica looks like a short, fat bush. Sativa is typically skinnier and taller (up to 20 ft).

But can you tell which has THC and which does not? You could potentially tell which has less THC, because sativa strains typically are bred for high CBD, low THC content, but I would recommend against it. As I mentioned above there are many hybrid strains now that have cross-bred indica with sativa, making it difficult to tell if what you’re looking at is a pure strain or a hybrid without professional testing. Once again, though, as a general rule of thumb, indica contains the high THC levels; sativa is the high CBD species.

Is hemp legal?

Another concern that people have is whether or not hemp is legal. Once again, this concern stems from a lack of understanding in the public due to the misrepresentation of cannabis in the media. Hemp is 100% legal federally. Industrial hemp contains less than 0.3% THC content, which situates it in the fully-legal category of CBD and hemp.

Do you have to worry about your CBD product?

Some CBD products contain trace amounts of THC. However, this is likely under the legal limit, and many companies offer their test results for each batch of CBD that they use. This is why it is so important to purchase your CBD from a reputable company that guarantees independent lab results. If you’re curious about the makeup of your product, check out the blog that we published a little while ago regarding how to decipher your product label.

Difficulties in hemp and marijuana

As I mentioned several times before, there is a lot of confusion when it comes to cannabis. Most people assume that indica and sativa are the same in terms of what they do in the body. There is one industry in particular that these assumptions are causing problems: banking.

Traditionally, a small business (and even a larger business) would be able to go to a bank, file for and receive a loan, and use that money to begin operations. But due to the recent legislation formally legalizing hemp federally, and the slow implementation of regulations on hemp in the United States (see our blog on the farm bill updates), many banks are wary of CBD businesses. Not wishing to lend to any businesses that deal in CBD and hemp (despite their full legality), banks make it difficult for small start-up companies to enter into a new and promising market.

But it isn’t all doom and gloom (even though Halloween is right around the corner!). Some in Congress are trying to help both cannabis industries with the Secure and Fair Enforcement Banking Act, or SAFE Act, which passed the House in late September with bipartisan support. The bill would assure banks and credit unions that they won’t be penalized by federal regulators for working with cannabis clients in states that allow marijuana or hemp production and sales. The legislation, which the Senate has yet to consider, also would require federal banking regulators to issue guidance on how financial institutions should serve the hemp industry.

While banks wait on regulations, businesses will continue to enter into private loans and start with what cash they can muster up on their own.

Food for thought

Just to recap, hemp and marijuana are two different things, and are closely associated with two separate species of cannabis; one is psychoactive and the other is not; hemp is legal federally and marijuana is not.

Next time that you see the media or someone conflating hemp and marijuana, you’ll know better. And hopefully, you’ll be able to help them understand the difference by using what you learned here.

As always, feel free to reach out to us on social media, phone, or email if you have any questions. We are always willing to help educate people who are eager to learn.  You can also check out our news page on the website and scan through old blogs.  There are some great ones!Sativa vs Indica


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