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CBD Basics

What Is a Terpene?

May 21st, 2021 by David Kranker

What Is A Terpene?

Quick Summary

Terpenes are naturally-occurring oils that are found in most forms of life, including plants and some animals. Terpenes can provide a wide range of benefits. Like all plants, the hemp plant contains beneficial terpenes.

If you have ever smelled a flower, used an essential oil, or taken a deep whiff of a Christmas tree, you have experienced terpenes. These oils are found in most forms of life, including plants. They are responsible for giving plants their aroma and color – and may have a host of beneficial properties as well.

Terpenes are found in all types of plants. The hemp plant – from which CBD is extracted – is bursting with more than 100 terpenes. Preliminary research indicates that many of the terpenes found in the hemp plant have an array of health benefits. Some promote relaxation and stress-relief, while others promote focus and acuity.  

When taken in combination with CBD, these terpenes may enhance and even multiply the effects of the plant. If you’re interested in natural health, full or broad spectrum CBD products that are full of terpenes, flavonoids and other compounds may be a great choice for you.

Understanding Terpenes

Terpenes are naturally-occurring oils that are found in most forms of life, including plants and some animals. They play a critical role for plants, attracting pollinators or even repelling predators. Some terpenes even plan a protective role for plants, helping to repair damage or protecting them from infectious germs.

In plants, terpenes are responsible for both smell and color. For example, the strong smell of fresh rosemary is due to a high concentration of terpenes. Flowers have a particularly high level of terpenes, which is why they tend to have brighter colors and stronger smells compared to other plants.

Many terpenes are considered bioactive, which means that they may have an effect on the body. For some terpenes, such as those used for essential oils, the impact is based on how a particular scent makes us feel. Terpenes have also been used to develop medications, such as steroids, which are derivatives of the plant terpene squalene

Many of us already consume terpenes on a regular basis. Terpenes are widely used to flavor food and drink products. If you’re a beer drinker, then you probably drink terpenes, which influence both the aroma and flavor of hops.

The hemp plant – a species of cannabis – is known for its particularly high concentration of terpenes. This accounts for the pungent smell of both hemp and its “cousin,” marijuana. While both hemp and marijuana are high in terpenes, hemp (from which CBD is derived) has extremely low levels of THC, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. As a result, you can obtain many of the same health and wellness benefits of CBD without feeling high or stoned (or worrying about failing a drug test).

Benefits of Terpenes

Scientists have identified hundreds of different terpenes. In the cannabis plant alone, there are over 100 different terpenes. While the research on terpenes is still developing, studies have shown that many terpenes can be incredibly beneficial to humans.

Scientists have extensively studied a number of terpenes, including:

  1. Myrcene: found in many plants, including wild thyme, hops, lemongrass, mango, cardamom, verbena and cannabis, myrcene has a pleasant earthy, fruity scent. Research has shown that this terpene may be used to improve glucose tolerance in diabetics, and may help to alleviate pain and inflammation associated with osteoarthritis
  2. Linalool: a spicy, floral terpene that is found in over 200 plants, including hops, citrus fruits and lavender. Studies have demonstrated that it may have a sedative, antidepressant, and anticonvulsant effects. It is known to have a relaxing effect.
  3. Caryophyllene: also known as beta-caryophyllene, this compound is found in plants such as cloves, cannabis, rosemary, oregano, black pepper, and hops. Scientific studies have shown that this terpene may help to alleviate pain, inflammation, atherosclerosis, anxiety, and depression. It may also help to boost the effect of chemotherapy drugs.  It is the only terpene known to bind directly to cannabinoid receptors in the human body. This property is one of the reasons that green vegetables are so healthy for the digestive system and overall immune health.
  4. Limonene: extracted from the peels of citrus fruits, this oil has been shown to reduce both chronic and acute inflammation. It may also have antioxidant effects, may reduce the risk of cancer, and could boost heart health. Limonene is associated with an elevated mood.
  5. Pinene: found in the oils of many coniferous trees, including the pine tree, it is also abundant in cannabis and rosemary. This terpene may have antimicrobial, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, and antiallergic properties.

There is still much to discover about the potential benefits of terpenes. One thing is clear, however: consuming plants of all kinds can increase health and wellness, particularly when those plants are high in terpenes. 

Does CBD Contain Terpenes?

Both terpenes and CBD (cannabidiol) are found in the hemp plant. Through the extraction process, both compounds are removed from the stems, flowers, and stalks of hemp. The resulting oil contains terpenes, CBD and other cannabinoids, and flavonoids.

While there are more than 100 types of terpenes in the hemp plant, some of the most abundant terpenes include pinene, caryophyllene, linalool, limonene, and myrcene. When taken in combination with CBD, these terpenes may produce what is known as the entourage effect. Studies have shown that consuming CBD along with terpenes and flavonoids can enhance the beneficial effects of the CBD – enhancing the many existing benefits of CBD.

CBD products are placed into three broad categories: full spectrum, broad spectrum, and CBD isolate. Full spectrum CBD products contain all of the beneficial compounds found in the hemp plant: cannabinoids (including CBD and trace amounts of THC), terpenes, along with flavonoids, antioxidants, and other phytonutrients. Full spectrum CBD products are as close as you can get to the hemp plant itself.

Some full spectrum CBD oils are also considered raw products.  All raw products are considered full spectrum and will also have the benefits of the plant terpenes. Raw means that the product has some of the raw or unheated/cold processed plant matter  This part of the plant has its own benefits, including reducing pain and inflammation. 

Although the amount of THC in full spectrum CBD is very low (0.3% or less, per U.S. law), if you want to avoid THC altogether, the best option for you may be broad spectrum CBD. These products contain all of the cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, antioxidants and phytonutrients found in full spectrum CBD – minus the THC. In this way, you can experience the entourage effect without ingesting any THC.

Finally, CBD isolate contains only CBD. All of the other compounds, including THC and terpenes, have been removed from CBD isolate products. While you will still experience the benefits of CBD with an isolate, you won’t get the entourage effect. 

Most reputable CBD companies will have their products tested by a third party laboratory. These lab reports – which you can view online – will contain data on what the CBD contains. They will also include information about the extraction process, which is important when you are looking to get all of the benefits of terpenes in addition to CBD.

One of the best processes that can be used to retain all of the terpenes in the oil is Supercritical CO2 Extraction. Supercritical CO2 is a fully recyclable, non-toxic, eco-friendly form of carbon dioxide. It is held at a very specific temperature and pressure to keep it in a liquid state as it passes through the hemp plant. After extraction, the CO2 gasses off entirely from the oil, leaving only plant materials and no residual solvents behind.This CO2 method is most common for full spectrum products, and is preferred for its lack of residue and the quality of the end product. 

Buying High Quality, Terpene-Filled CBD Online

Flavorful, aromatic terpenes can really boost the benefits of CBD. If you’re interested in trying a full or broad spectrum CBD product to try the entourage effect for yourself, we are here to help.

At Green Wellness Life, we aren’t doctors and cannot diagnose or treat any condition. Instead, we offer the latest research and our own experience with CBD to help guide you as you purchase CBD. We only sell CBD that has been independently tested and that is made from industrial hemp grown right here in the United States.

Interested in learning more? Give us a call at 888-772-7875 (M-F, 9 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. EST), or fill out our online contact form for an after-hours appointment. You can also click the “chat” button to speak to someone!


CBD 101 A Beginner’s Guide To CBD

May 12th, 2021 by Brandy Palmer

Cannabinoids, or compounds found in hemp and marijuana plants, are definitely a popular topic these days.  So what’s all the fuss about? What are these compounds and how do they work? How do I take them and how much do I take? And most importantly, what will it help me with? 

Whew, that’s a lot of questions. Let’s start with our bodies and the system that these compounds interact with. It is often assumed that the benefits derived from CBD and other cannabinoids are a result of introducing some substance not already found in the body to your system. This couldn’t be farther from the truth. Let’s talk it through. 

What is CBD?

Before diving into how cannabinoids interact with the body, it’s first important to have an understanding of what CBD is. CBD is a natural essential oil that is rich in nutrients and one of over 100 different cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. Scientists are still researching cannabinoids and there may be more we haven’t yet identified. 

CBD can be found in all of the different types of cannabis plants, but it is more prominent in hemp plants where it makes up about 40% of the cannabinoids extracted from the plant. CBD is not psychoactive like THC, so it will not produce any kind of high. 

What is the ECS…Endocannabinoid System?

The Endocannabinoid System or “ECS,” is a system that provides the body with many similar cannabinoids to those of hemp oil. Cannabinoids are complex chemical compounds that act on receptors in cells. The hemp plant produces over 100 different cannabinoids (or phytocannabinoids); the human body (as well as other mammals) also naturally produces cannabinoids (or endocannabinoids). This means that your body already uses cannabinoids for many of its functions, such as regulating mood, appetite, pain-sensation, and memory. These cannabinoids promote homeostasis (balance) at every level of biological life. 

What do Cannabinoids do?

The function of cannabinoids in your body (regardless of whether they are naturally produced by your body or from a plant) is to act as receptors for cells. What these receptors do is act as conduits for messages from the brain to the cells. They are the “bridge” that enables your body to operate as it should. Because of this, they are essential for a healthy body, which includes memory, appetite, and mood.

While your body uses the endocannabinoids produced internally, it also reacts to phytocannabinoids from sources like cannabis and hemp. This is where CBD and other plant-based cannabinoid oils come in.

Endocannabinoid Receptors CB1 and CB2

The ECS is composed of two primary endocannabinoid receptors: CB1 (found predominantly in the brain, nervous system, and outlying organs and tissues) and CB2 (found predominantly in white blood cells, tonsils and spleen). Although CBD has low affinity for either of these receptors, it does interact with other nominal receptors with remarkable effects. For example, CBD activates the receptor GPR55, which has been shown to assist in treating pain and inflammation. CBD has also been shown as a partial agonist (which is a term referring to something that attaches to a cell receptor and causes an action to occur in that cell) to the 5-HT1A receptor, which may lead to cannabidiol’s anti-depressant, anti-anxiety, and neuro-protective effects.

Why take daily CBD?

Because the ECS is involved in the body’s communication with its cells and their functions (including repairs), cannabinoids are crucial for the body’s constant repair of cells and their functions – maintaining that balance. When more cannabinoids are introduced to this delicate system, they can stimulate the cells into functioning as the brain directs them to, and can facilitate healing where the body’s own ECS has failed. In this, it is clear that when the ECS is failing to do its job, phytocannabinoids from CBD oils can “pick up the slack” and act as receptors for cells that were malfunctioning due to a lack of endocannabinoids. This makes CBD crucial for maintaining (or, in many cases, restoring) a healthy balance of receptors in the body.

Isolate, Full Spectrum or Raw?

Finding the right CBD for your needs and body can be confusing. We answer customer questions all day long and we have found that there is no one size fits all. Each individual is different. So let’s take a look at the different forms of CBD: What is the difference between them? Who would use which version, and why?

Is CBD all that I want from the plant?

First of all, it’s important to understand that cannabidiol (CBD) is only one of the major compounds that are present in the cannabis plant – both hemp and marijuana. It happens to be one of the most studied compounds by scientists because of its powerful potential and the fact that it occurs in greater quantities in the plant than some of the other more than 80+ compounds. As evidence of its interest to scientists and researchers, CBD has been used in multiple pharmaceutical solutions. One of the most recent to be approved by the FDA is Epidiolex, a CBD-based drug used to treat childhood epilepsy.

Full Spectrum CBD Oil: A Rainbow of Compounds

Despite its fame, CBD is not the only major compound found in cannabis sativa. There are a range of other compounds that make up the plant. When we are talking about all of those compounds together, we use the term “full spectrum.” This is just another way to say “whole plant”. A full spectrum CBD oil means that manufacturers use the whole plant and all the cannabinoids that are naturally occurring as active ingredients in your product. 

Full-spectrum is unique in that it can introduce the user to the possible positive effects of the other components of cannabis working together, often referred to as the “entourage effect”. Though there are many different cannabinoids in the plant, here are a few of the better-known ones included in full spectrum products.

  • THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) – Full-spectrum CBD from the hemp plant does include trace amounts of THC, which is well-known as the psychoactive element of cannabis – or the part that makes you high. That THC level can’t be more a .3% concentration when coming from a hemp plant, so it has no psychoactive effect. There is technology that is isolating the THC out of some full spectrum products making it what is now being referred to as a “broad spectrum.” This means that it started as a full spectrum (whole plant) product, but the THC was isolated and removed. These products will usually specify 0 THC.
  •  CBN (Cannabinol) – This component of cannabis does not occur in as great a quantity, so we don’t know quite enough about it yet. What science is finding is exciting, though. Some early studies are showing that there may be real benefits for people struggling with sleep issues.
  • CBG (Cannabigerol) – Interestingly, CBG has been shown to stimulate growth of new brain cells and bone growth. These unusual properties make it a fascinating compound for researchers to study.
  • THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin) – THCV has a similar molecular structure to THC and is also psychoactive. Research is finding that it’s very similar to CBD as well, in working to balance and neutralize cells.

All of these compounds, and many more, interact in a full-spectrum product. Who would this form of CBD work for? A full-spectrum CBD oil would work great for someone who wants to work with all the elements of the cannabis plant for a holistic approach. It would be very useful for those who are interested in other compounds, like CBG and THCV, and their effects. We have often seen excellent results for people living with inflammatory pain. 

It’s important to keep in mind that unless clearly stated to be a 0% THC product, full spectrum products will likely contain a trace amount of THC. That legal limit, if coming from hemp, is 0.3%.  While it’s not likely that quantity would cause you to fail a THC drug test, it is possible. 

CBD Isolate

In a product made with a CBD Isolate, only one cannabis compound is present – CBD. It’s been individually extracted from the plant without any of the other cannabinoids, terpenes, or plant matter. Some might say that the isolate is missing some of the other compounds that make full-spectrum oil special. While this is true to an extent, there are plenty of reasons why someone might want just the CBD oil.

For one, maybe they’re only interested in specific CBD oil impact. If a customer has discovered that CBD works best alone to treat their particular disorder or ease their symptoms, then they would definitely want to stick with what works. Other people might feel uncomfortable with even trace amounts of THC. In this case, an isolate CBD is a perfect solution. 

Others may actually be allergic or have had bad reactions to other cannabinoids or plant matter. In this case, a CBD isolate would be the best choice.  Additionally, we have seen excellent results with isolate CBD for people looking for help with mood stabilization.  The other cannabinoids and plant matter aren’t usually as necessary to see a benefit there. 


Cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) is a chemical compound found in the resin glands (trichomes) of raw cannabis plants.” In this case, raw means unheated and uncured. Many of the conditions that respond with CBD also respond well to CBDA. There is a growing body of information that is talking about the benefits of raw or CBDA having a greater effect on people living with chronic pain. There is also a patent pending by GW Pharmaceuticals using CBDA in conjunction with CBD for anxiety and psychotic disorders.

Product Options

Now that you understand the way that the ECS works and the different processing types of products that come from cannabis plants, let’s talk about products. In short, CBD and it’s fellow compounds can come in pretty much any package type that you’re interested in – from chocolate to bath bombs to hemp flower. 

Pricing will vary but will be based on total milligrams of active ingredients per container.  When you see a 300mg lotion, that means that there are 300mg of cannabinoids in that whole bottle – not in each amount that you put on your skin.  You’ll see the same thing on a tincture, bottle of gummies, etc.  Those package sizes can vary as well.  Some are much more concentrated than others, so you may have the same amount of cannabinoids (your active ingredient) and a similar price point in a tiny 10ml bottle and a large 2oz bottle.  When you’re product shopping, you will want to look at that total strength per package as well as how much you’re going to take every day. 

We break it down into three main product categories – let’s talk them through: 

1) Topicals

These cover anything that you’re applying to your skin.  

  • Benefits in 15-30 minutes.  
  • The downside is that it won’t last as long – usually 4-6 hours.  
  • Topicals are a great fit when you’re dealing with a skin issue or are looking for inflammation relief at that site.  
  • Topicals won’t generally get into your bloodstream (with the exception of some CBD patch molecules that are small enough to do so).  
  • Intended to provide relief to the muscle, joint, and skin tissue.  
  • You can definitely use a topical along with a booster and a daily supplement. 
  • Use them where it hurts – when it hurts. Consistency isn’t key here.  

2) Boosters

Boosters avoid the digestive system to get to work quickly. 

  • Benefits in 15-30 minutes.
  • Like a topical, they get to work and then dissipate within 4-6 hours.  
  • Absorbed through your cheek or taken in through your lungs.  
  • The intent is to provide a bit of extra CBD on a day when you need it.
  • Use them as needed – consistency isn’t critical.  
  • As they are quick to leave your system, we wouldn’t recommend a booster as your only source of CBD and other cannabinoids. 

3) Daily Supplements

If you’re only going to take one type of cannabinoid, we would ask that you make it a daily supplement.  You’ll ingest these – and they come in all kinds of forms: 

Raw Oil

This is the plant extract in its most natural form – it’s likely been filtered 1 or more times and will taste grassy and earthy. Your serving size will be measured in paste quantity. We use the term “grains of rice.” Raw Oils will always be Full Spectrum. 

  • Pros: No additives, Flexible Serving Size
  • Cons: Difficult to Measure/Take, Earthy Flavor


This is a liquid that you place under your tongue. It starts with the raw oil, but has a carrier oil and possibly flavoring added to it. Serving size will be measured in drops or dropperfulls. Tinctures can be Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum or Isolated CBD. 

  • Pros: Flexible Serving Size, Added Flavoring, Quick Sublingual Absorption 
  • Cons: Can be Difficult to keep Serving Size Consistent


Capsules and Softgels are encapsulated tincture.  Serving size will be measured in capsules. 

  • Pros: Consistent Serving Size
  • Cons: Lack of Flexibility in Serving Size

Edibles (Gummies, Candies or Chocolate)

These options take a raw oil or an isolated CBD powder and add it into a gummy, candy or chocolate recipe. Raw Oils taste earthy, so full spectrum edibles are harder to come by than more filtered options. Serving size would be measured per piece. 

  • Pros: Easy to take
  • Cons: Lack of Flexibility in Serving Size, Priciest Option

How Much Do I Take?

Our goal is always to see the best possible results with a minimal amount of stuff in your system.  We talk in terms of serving size rather than “dose” because CBD is considered a food supplement – not a drug. In our experience, most people see benefit between 15-50mg daily.  We do have customers that do well with 5mg daily, and others who need 100mg, but 15-50mg taken consistently is the standard. 

We know that when you’re hurting, it’s always tempting to take a high serving to feel better.  We encourage you to step away from that and start small.  Some people do very well with a small amount of CBD to get their body back into neutral. We all want to be that person! Start there and work up if you need to. CBD supplements are intended to work over time – not instantly.  Don’t jump your serving up on a bad day – that’s what boosters are for.  If you’re not consistent in your serving size, you may not see the benefits that you are hoping for.

Getting Started

If you’re new to CBD, here’s how we recommend getting started: 

  • Day 1-5: Start with 10-15mg daily
    • Be consistent with the time of day that you take it. Raw CBD can be energizing, so we recommend morning. 
    • Any supplements that are sleep aids should be taken 30-60 minutes before bed. 
    • We always encourage you to take CBD on a full stomach.
  • Day 6-10: If you aren’t seeing the benefits you’re looking for, double your daily serving to 20-30 mg. 
    • Stay consistent
  • Day 11+: As long as you are seeing some benefit, stay the course. 
    • You can continue to increase your serving as needed, giving your body a couple days to adjust
    • You’ve got cannabinoids in your system, so your adjustment time will be quicker
    • If you’re not sure if you are seeing benefits, stop taking it for 3-5 days. That’s enough time for you to see if there was a difference for your system. 

We love starting with a tincture (liquid) because that serving size is so flexible, but if you’re more comfortable with a gummy or a softgel, go with that! The best CBD for you is the one that you will take every day. I’ll say it again: The best CBD for you is the one that you will take every day

No One Size Fits All

Whatever your choice when it comes to CBD, it’s important to make sure you’re aware of your options, in both product type and serving size. What your body needs may change. Every system is unique. We know it’s hard to hear, but there truly is no one size fits all. At the end of the day, the best CBD for you is the one that you are most comfortable with and see the greatest benefit from. 



Sore Muscles & CBD

May 3rd, 2021 by Brandy Palmer

The concept of May Day (May 1) dates way back to ancient agricultural rituals in Greece.  It’s traveled through medieval and modern Europe, to us here today – celebrating the return of Spring. Spring has definitely sprung – even here in West Michigan.  I definitely think we are all ready for the new life and growth that we’re seeing after what felt like the longest. Winter. Ever. At least since last year. 

What else comes with all this new life and growth? Our desire to get out into it!  We are definitely spending more time outdoors, both working and playing! We’re prepping gardens, cleaning up yards, playing spring sports.  You name it, we’re doing it.  If you’re anything like me, you hibernate a bit in the winter.  I’m moving my body less and camping on the couch more.  So when that Spring activity level kicks into gear, it’s a big change! Sometimes, it’s a big, painful change when those muscles and joints start getting stressed.  Luckily, I have CBD to help – and I’m hoping you do, too!

Why does CBD help with muscle aches and pains?

We’ve talked a great deal about the endocannabinoid system (ECS) over our blog history. The ECS works to promote balance in our bodies – keeping everything in neutral. It’s made up of a system of CB1 & CB2 receptors that cannabinoids can bind to. 

endocannabinoid system

CB1 receptors – found primarily in our central nervous system

CB2 receptors – found in peripheries like skin

Cannabinoids can bind to either receptor. The neutralizing effect that they have depends on where that receptor is located. So, if it’s a CB1 receptor in the brain, the result may be a reduction in anxiety. If it’s a CB2 receptor in a joint, neutralizing will mean pain and inflammation relief.  

Should I use CBD on the outside or inside?

Both! They even work really well together. 

  • Outside – Cannabinoids and our skin are primarily made up of lipids, so one melts quite nicely into the other. That allows you to get that anti-inflammatory right to the source of your pain. CBD applied to your skin gets to work quickly (within 15-30 minutes), and will last about 4-6 hours.  Lotions and balms don’t get all the way into your bloodstream – they stay local, working their neutralizing magic on those muscles and joints. 
  • Inside – Anything that you take in orally will get into your bloodstream and travel to those hard to reach receptors, resulting in internal pain and inflammation relief. Those capsules, liquids, gummies, etc will take more time to get to work for you (60-90 minutes) but they will bind and keep working for you for at least a full 24 hours.  

Do I have to take it all the time?

Yes, and no.  

  • In order for you to see the best results from an internal CBD, consistency is key.  You want to build up a reservoir that your ECS can keep tapping into.  When we’re talking about sore muscles and joints, CBD can really be taken “as needed.” It gets right to the source of the soreness quickly and easily – and doesn’t need to be taken every day.  You’ll just want to reach for it after a long day in your yard spreading that mulch or pulling those weeds. 

We’re not the only ones coming out of hibernation in the spring – the birds and the bees and the flowers and the trees are, too! (Isn’t that a song?) That means a return to bug bites and allergies.  Good times! Luckily, CBD can help there, too. Those same salves that can sink in and soothe sore muscles can offer a break for irritated skin. Anytime that you are looking for a skin soother, pay close attention to those ingredients.  You want to keep the list limited and it’s generally a good idea to avoid things you can’t pronounce! Stick to natural options.  The last thing we want to happen is to irritate the skin more when we’re trying to soothe it.  Make sure that you have a great natural bug spray in your arsenal as well.  You’ll need it for your celebration of spring. Happy May Day! 

Do you have any great tips for soothing tired muscles or angry skin? We’d love to hear them and we’re always here to help! You can find us on social media, live chat, by email at or by phone at 616-275-1039 (toll free 888-772-7875)  Stay well!

How Does CBD Interact with Medications?

April 15th, 2021 by David Kranker

CBD Interact With Medications

Quick Summary

CBD is generally safe and well-tolerated by most people. However, it is possible for CBD to interact with other medications. If you are taking a medication with a “grapefruit warning,” that medicine may interact with CBD. Like cannabinoids, a chemical compound in grapefruit and certain other citrus fruits inhibits CYP3A4, which can slow the metabolism of medicines. A good rule of thumb is that if a medicine has a grapefruit warning, CBD may also interact with that medication.

Although CBD is considered safe, with minimal side effects, there is a possibility of interactions with some prescription and over-the-counter medications. In particular, CBD may interact with medications that have a “grapefruit warning.” Before adding CBD or any supplement to your diet, you should always consult with your physician.

Green Wellness Life offers an array of high quality CBD products, including oils and tinctures, capsules, topical lotions, balms and salves, and edibles. If you’re interested in trying CBD, read on to learn more about how CBD may interact with other medications that you may be taking.

How Could CBD Interact with Medications?

Current research shows that CBD is generally safe and well-tolerated by most people, with few side effects. However, it is possible for CBD to interact with other medications due to how the human body metabolizes both drugs and supplements.

When we take medicine or another substance, our bodies have to break it down, or metabolize it. This happens throughout the body. Our bodies produce enzymes known as cytochrome P450 (CYP450) to convert these substances so that they can be eliminated from the body more easily.

Any medication or supplement that affects CYP450 has the potential to change how our bodies metabolize other substances by either increasing or decreasing the rate of metabolism. This can cause a drug interaction, as the substance in question may stay in our bodies for much longer or leave our bodies much more quickly.

One enzyme within the CYP450 family, CYP3A4, is responsible for breaking down certain cannabinoids, including CBD. When it metabolizes CBD, however, the CBD interferes with CYP3A4. Similarly, some medications inhibit CYP3A4. As a result, some medications may not be as effectively metabolized when taking CBD – and CBD may not be metabolized effectively when taking certain medications.

If the CYP3A4 is inhibited – either by a cannabinoid or a medication – it can cause an interaction, because your body won’t process the medication (or CBD) in the way that it should. This may lead to increased side effects if the medicine stays in your system for too long, or the medication may not be as effective if your body metabolizes it too quickly.

Can I Safely Take CBD While Taking Medications?

Before adding any supplement to your diet, you should always consult with your doctor. We want to repeat this…You should always consult with your doctor! They can help you determine if CBD will interact with your other medications, advise you on serving size, and may even be able to recommend specific products to try. Your doctor may also order blood work to ensure that your medications are at an optimal level in your body after starting CBD.

If you are taking a medication with a “grapefruit warning,” that medicine may interact with CBD. Like cannabinoids, a chemical compound in grapefruit and certain other citrus fruits inhibits CYP3A4, which can slow the metabolism of medicines. A good rule of thumb is that if a medicine has a grapefruit warning, CBD may also interact with that medication.

A number of prescription and over-the-counter medications have a grapefruit warning. These include:

  • Some statin drugs, which are used to lower cholesterol, such as Zocor and Lipitor
  • Some medications that treat abnormal heart rhythms, including Pacerone and Nexterone
  • Certain medications that treat high blood pressure, such as Procardia and Adalat CC
  • Some organ transplant rejection drugs, including Sandimmune and Neoral
  • Certain anti-anxiety medications, like buspirone
  • Certain corticosteroids used to treat Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, including Pacerone and Nexterone
  • Some antihistamines, like Allegra

Other medications, including antibiotics, blood thinners, erectile dysfunction medications, pain medications, immunosuppressants, mood medications, and anticancer medications, may also have a grapefruit warning. Because so many drugs have a grapefruit warning (and may also interact with CBD), it is important to talk to your doctor, pharmacist or other healthcare professional before adding CBD to your diet.

Scientists have also performed studies on specific medications used to treat epilepsy to determine if CBD interacts with them. A small 2015 study found that CBD elevated the levels of an anti-seizure medication, clobazam, in children with hard-to-treat epilepsy. A second study in 2017 found that taking CBD with the anti-seizure medications clobazam and desmethylclobazam could increase the serum levels of the medications. In both studies, researchers determined that it was safe to take CBD with these medications, but noted that blood tests should be performed to ensure that the medications remain at a therapeutic level.

If your doctor approves taking CBD with your current prescriptions, you should watch for any new or increased side effects. If you experience drowsiness, nausea, sedation, fatigue, diarrhea, changes in appetite or weight, or a change in the effectiveness of your prescription medication, make an appointment with your healthcare provider to talk about it.

You may be able to minimize any possible interactions by using a topical lotion, cream, balm, or salve. Unlike CBD that you take orally, topical CBD doesn’t enter the bloodstream, so there is a lower risk of an interaction with other medications. Topical CBD is most often used for localized pain and inflammation.

Buying High Quality CBD Online

While the research is still emerging, scientists have found that CBD has a lot of potential health and wellness benefits. If you are interested in trying CBD, consult with your doctor first – particularly if you have a health condition and are taking any medications. Once you get the go ahead from your doctor, the next step is to find safe, high quality CBD.

At Green Wellness Life, we only sell products that have been independently tested by third party laboratories, so that you can be sure that you are getting what you pay for – and nothing else. Our products are all made from industrial hemp grown in the United States. While we aren’t doctors and cannot diagnose or treat any medical or mental health condition, we are happy to share our insight on CBD with you – along with the latest research.

If you’d like to learn more, we are happy to help. Give us a call at 888-772-7875, or fill out our online contact form. You can also click on the “live chat” button on the bottom right of your screen to talk to someone now.


Is Hemp Gluten Free?

February 12th, 2021 by David Kranker

Gluten Free CBD Oil

Quick Summary

The hemp plant itself does not contain any gluten. Hemp is often grown in rotation with plants that do contain gluten and cross-contamination is possible when the same harvesting, storage, and transportation equipment is used across crops. If you’d like to avoid gluten, you should look for products labeled gluten free. Manufacturers can only use this description on their packaging if the product contains less than 20 ppm of gluten.

Nearly 5 million Americans follow a gluten-free diet. Gluten, a protein found in certain grains (like wheat, rye, and barley), is linked to inflammation and digestive issues for people who suffer from celiac disease and gluten intolerance or sensitivity. Eliminating gluten can be a way to control gastrointestinal symptoms and (for those with celiac disease) avoid causing damage in their small intestine.

If you are interested in trying products made from the hemp plant – such as CBD oil – you may be curious about whether hemp is gluten free (GF). The good news is that hemp itself is gluten-free (GF). However, hemp can be grown in the same fields as grains that do contain gluten. If you are on a GF diet, you should be sure to only purchase products that are certified gluten free.

Green Wellness Life offers a full range of products made from hemp, including CBD oil capsules, topicals, and edibles. Many of our products are gluten free, making them a safe choice for anyone who wants to explore hemp and/or CBD while maintaining a gluten free diet.

What Is Hemp?

Hemp is a type of cannabis, a flowering plant in the Cannabaceae family. It is very similar to the marijuana plant, with one key difference: the level of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is the psychoactive component in marijuana that makes you feel high or stoned.

Under U.S. law, to be considered hemp, a cannabis plant must contain no more than 0.3% THC. Hemp that has 0.3% or less THC content by dry weight can be legally grown and sold in the United States. By contrast, the THC content of marijuana is often 30% or greater.

Hemp has a number of uses. It can be turned into a number of products, including paper, textiles, animal feed, plastic, and clothing. It can also be used to make food products, such as hemp seeds, hemp protein powder, hemp milk, and hemp oil.

There are a number of nutritional benefits associated with hemp seed, which is considered a complete protein that is high in fiber. The stalks, leaves and flowers of hemp also contain compounds known as cannabinoids, including cannabidiol (CBD). When CBD is extracted from hemp, it can be made into CBD oil and various other products.

Is Hemp GF?

The hemp plant itself does not contain any gluten. However, hemp is often grown in rotation with other crops that contain gluten, such as wheat. Crop rotation is a practice used by farmers to return nutrients to the soil and increase soil health.

Because farmers rotate hemp with grains, they often use the same equipment to harvest, store, and transport these crops. This raises the possibility of cross-contamination. While hemp is GF, there is a chance that some hemp could be above the legal limit of 20 parts per million of gluten.

If you are interested in products made from hemp, the best way to avoid gluten cross contamination is to seek out products that are gluten free. Manufacturers can only use this description on their packaging or in their advertising if their product has less than 20 ppm of gluten.

Should I Take a Hemp Product If I Am on a Gluten Free Diet?

There are many potential benefits associated with hemp and products derived from the hemp plant (such as CBD oil). Hemp itself is a great source of fiber, magnesium, and essential fatty acids. As noted above, early research shows that CBD may reduce the symptoms of certain conditions – including digestive issues that often lead people to adopt a gluten free diet.

Before adding any supplement to your diet, you should always consult with your doctor. They will be able to advise you on potential interactions, proper serving sizes, and whether the supplement may help your specific condition.

If you do decide to try a hemp product, be sure to only purchase items that are certified gluten free. For CBD oils and other products, look for a “GF” designation on the label. In particular, be sure that the carrier oil used for a CBD tincture is gluten free and that a CBD capsule is not made with wheat starch.

You should also seek out CBD products that are made from industrial hemp grown in the United States, and that have been independently tested for quality. This can help to assure you that you are getting what you pay for – and nothing else.

Green Wellness Life offers an array of gluten free CBD products, including:

We also offer highly nutritious, GF hemp products, such as Patsy’s hemp hearts.

Buy Gluten Free Hemp Products Online

There are a lot of great reasons to add hemp to your diet, whether you chose to sprinkle hemp hearts on your salad, use hemp oil for cooking, or take CBD as a supplement. If you are following a gluten free diet, you can still take advantage of the benefits of hemp by looking for a product that is labeled GF.

At Green Wellness Life, we aren’t doctors and cannot diagnose or treat any condition. However, we can offer you the latest research into the benefits of CBD and hemp, and help you choose a product that is right for you. To learn more, press the live chat button, call us at (888) 772-7875 (Monday to Friday, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. EST), or fill out our online contact form.


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